Rust- Plant Fungal Disease

Rust- Plant Fungal Disease

Rust- Plant Fungal Disease Plant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi. Pucciniales (previously also known as Uredinales). Spermagonia Aecia Uredinia Telia Basidia Rusts hosts Apple Pear Wheat Barley Rye Infection area Leaves Petioles Tender shoots Stem Fruits Rusts are named after the reddish rusty looking sori and the disease is usually noticed after rain. The group …

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Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) and MMR Vaccine

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) and MMR Vaccine

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) and MMR Vaccine The MMR which is comprised of a 3 in 1 vaccine, is one of the recommended childhood immunizations. It protects children against three highly contagious Viruses which are as follows: Measles Mumps Rubella (German Measles) Image Source: NFID and CSC Pharmaceuticals Measles Definition  Measles is …

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Fermentation of Vinegar

Fermentation of Vinegar

Fermentation of Vinegar Fermentation is the metabolic process by which organic molecules are converted into acids, gases or alcohol in the absence of oxygen. Types of Fermentation Lactic acid fermentation. Alcoholic fermentation. Read also: Design of a Fermenter (https://thebiologynotes.com/design-of-a-fermenter) Vinegar Vinegar is an aqueous solution of acetic acid and trace chemicals that may …

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Factors for the establishment of plant diseases

Factors for the establishment of plant diseases

These are the factors for the establishment of plant diseases. Pathogen properties. Properties of the host. Presence/absence of nutritional component. Properties of environment. Image Source: AspenCore, Inc A) Pathogen properties 1. Level of virulence: Pathogen’s ability to infect/damage the host or to infect a resistant gene. 2. Adaptability: The ability of a …

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