Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost definition Organic compost can be defined as a mixture of decayed organic matter which can be added to soil to enhance the growth of different plants. Composting is a process by which heterogeneous organic compounds can go through decomposition and the process occurs due to the presence of a moist ward aerobic environment … Read more Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Bioplastic – Definition, Type, Advantages, Disadvantages

Bioplastic

Bioplastic Definition Bioplastic means “plastic derived from biomass”.  According to IUPAC (International union of pure and applied chemistry) “Biobased polymer derived from the biomass or issued from monomers derived from the biomass and which, at some stage in its processing into a finished product, can be shaped by flow. Bioplastic is an emerging research area … Read more Bioplastic – Definition, Type, Advantages, Disadvantages

Mycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

Mycotoxins in Foods

Mycotoxins definition Microbial toxins are metabolites produced by a specific microorganism during its growth or life cycle. Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by several fungi that have a severe impact on human or animal health. The mycotoxins are not only responsible for causing disease but it can also lead to long term damage to humans … Read more Mycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 and Spanish flu

Pandemic and epidemic Coronavirus and flu viruses

Viruses with a high mutation rate “that is a reason there are no permanent vaccination against it”. According to Jean and Peter Medawar 1977 virus “simply a piece of bad news wrapped up in protein” (from Bad News Wrapped in Protein: Inside Coronavirus Genome by Jonathan Corum and Carl Zimmer). In December 2019 there is … Read more MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 and Spanish flu

Examples of Single Gene Disorders

Single Gene Disorders

Image Source: A-T Society. About 10,000 or more single-gene disorders have been identified, which affect approximately 1-2% of the total population. Some of these disorders are as follow: Huntington disease The name of the disease is on the name of Dr. George Huntington, who describes this disease in 1872 in North American kindred. It is … Read more Examples of Single Gene Disorders

Treponema pallidum – An Overview

Treponema pallidum

Classification Class- Spirochaetes Order- Spirochaetales Family- Spirochaetaceae Genus- Treponema Species- Treponema pallidum Image Source: Russell Publishing Limited. Morphology of Treponema pallidum Treponemes are thin, delicate, helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped organisms. They are microaerophilic and actively motile. They are measures about 10 to 14 micrometers long and 0.1 to 0.2 micrometer wide. They have 8-24 sharp and … Read more Treponema pallidum – An Overview

Nitrogen related common terms with definitions

Nitrogen cycle, Nitrogen as inorganic and organic component

Nitrogen Cycle The nitrogen cycle is a process in which nitrogen converted into different forms, from the environment to soil, and then becomes part of living beings. N2 is a component of the food chain and found in organic and inorganic compounds and it changes to various forms to retain stability in the ecosystem. Nitrogen … Read more Nitrogen related common terms with definitions

Eicosanoids – definition, classes, functions, synthesis

Eicosanoids

Eicosanoids definition Eicosanoids are biologically active lipid derivatives of unsaturated fatty acids containing 20 carbons. Eicosanoids are locally acting bioactive hormones that act near the point of hormone synthesis and included in the class of paracrine hormones. disease. Eicosanoids are derived from arachidonic acid and related polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). … Read more Eicosanoids – definition, classes, functions, synthesis

Bacterial diseases- pathogen, symptom, prevention, treatment

Bacterial diseases

Image Source: Microbiology Society. Some of the bacterial diseases with their name of pathogen, transmission, symptom, treatment, and prevention are as follows: 1- Tuberculosis Pathogen – Microbacterium tuberculosis. Mode of transmission – Transmitted by air. Symptom – Bacteria damage the tissues mainly of the lung, the occurrence of fever, and a bloody cough. Prevention and … Read more Bacterial diseases- pathogen, symptom, prevention, treatment

Inflammation – definition, types, causes and treatment

Types of inflammation

Inflammation definition Inflammation is a supportive mechanism against tissue damage or infections. It stimulates the immune system to repair injured tissues and defense against diseases from foreign organisms. Sometimes inflammatory reactions lead to self-injury by provoking defensive action against the body’s cells or it may an exaggerated reaction to the less harmful antigen. Injured or … Read more Inflammation – definition, types, causes and treatment