## Data and its types

Data is a set of values of subjects with respect to qualitative or quantitative variables. Data is raw, unorganized facts that need to be processed. Data can be something simple … Read more

**The research methodology is a discipline that is involved in studies related to a variety of research techniques like case studies, surveys, and provides an overview of how to perform particular research.**

- It also provides fundamental knowledge required to make rational decisions about research strategies.
- The discipline also explores ethical constraints, codes of ethics, and requirements for gaining an ethical approach.
- Advancements made in research methodology have allowed the understanding of the relationship between research questions, methods of collecting and analyzing both, quantitative and qualitative data.
- With the increasing desire of publishing research articles containing the results and discussion of detailed research, the use and importance of research methodology and its strategies have also increased.
- The research methodology consists of topics like methods of collecting and analyzing data, making conclusions, calculating errors, formulating, and proving a hypothesis, all of which are essential while conducting research.
- The discipline further guides researchers while developing research questions, writing proposals, reviews, and while conducting a literature review.
- Different statistical tools that are imperative to analyze data obtained via research are also included, connecting statistical science and biological science.
- The incorporation of statistical science in research methodology is useful in confirming or contradicting conclusions drawn from merely looking at analyzed data, in providing an indication of the magnitude of the relationship between two or more variables under study, in helping to establish causality, and in ascertaining the level of confidence that can be placed in the findings.
- The research methodology is useful in all academic disciplines to conduct research and publish data and conclusions drawn from such researches.
- Detailed knowledge of research methodology is essential for conducting a valid study and to come up with reasonable and usable data results.
- The discipline provides methods, models, techniques, and procedures for both quantitative and qualitative studies so that the researcher can select the most appropriate ones when undertaking research.

Data is a set of values of subjects with respect to qualitative or quantitative variables. Data is raw, unorganized facts that need to be processed. Data can be something simple … Read more

A questionnaire is defined as a document containing questions and other types of items designed to solicit information appropriate for analysis. The questionnaire may be regarded as a form of … Read more

A simple description of the health status of a community, based on routinely available data or on data obtained in special surveys, is often the first step in an epidemiological … Read more

The p-value or the calculated probability is the best probability to provide the smallest level of significance at which the null hypothesis is not true. P value formula How to … Read more

T-test definition The t-test is a test in statistics that is used for testing hypotheses regarding the mean of a small sample taken population when the standard deviation of the … Read more

Some of the mistakes are: Choosing a topic that is too large. Choosing a topic that is too complex for research at the level of the researcher. Not giving due … Read more

The research process is incomplete without the collection of data, which starts after the identification of the research problems and chalking out research design. There are several methods involved in … Read more

What is a Chi-square test? A Chi-square test is performed to determine if there is a difference between the theoretical population parameter and the observed data. Chi-square test is a … Read more

Null hypothesis definition The null hypothesis is a general statement that states that there is no relationship between two phenomenons under consideration or that there is no association between two … Read more

Questionnaire is as an instrument for research, which consists of a list of questions, along with the choice of answers, printed or typed in a sequence on a form used … Read more