Plasmodium and Malaria

Plasmodium and Malaria

The early history of Plasmodium and Malaria In the past time, it was believed that malaria spread by bad air hence the name means bad air. In 1880 Malaria parasites firstly discovered by a french doctor, Charles Laveran. In 1897 Ronald Ross worked on avian malarial parasites (P. praecox), Ronald Ross was awarded Noble prize … Read more Plasmodium and Malaria

Entamoeba histolytica- Morphology, Epidemiology, Life cycle, Pathogenesis, Clinical findings

Entamoeba histolytica

Entamoeba histolytica– Morphology, Epidemiology, Life cycle, Pathogenesis, Clinical findings 500 Million populations are infected over the world. 60-70% population in Pakistan is infected Entamoeba histolytica caused amebic dysentery and liver abscess. Morphology Trophozoites A cyst (egg) Cyst= it is immovable and has disease-causing form. Cyst survives for a long period of time because it is … Read more Entamoeba histolytica- Morphology, Epidemiology, Life cycle, Pathogenesis, Clinical findings

Methods to control plant nematodes

Methods to control plant nematodes

What are Nematodes? The word nematode is derived from Greek words- Nema meaning “thread” and oids meaning “resembling or forms”. Nematodes are also known by different names such as threadworms, roundworms, eelworms, and nema. Nematodes constitute the largest group of an animal kingdom comprising 80-90% of all multicellular animals. These organisms are basically aquatic but … Read more Methods to control plant nematodes