Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning- Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage Image Sources: Wikipedia and Vector Stock In molecular biology, a vector refers to a DNA molecule that transfers genetic material into another cell and the genetic material gets to incorporate in the cell genome and expressed. The foreign DNA carried by the vector is called recombinant DNA. The … Read more Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) It is one of the most important biotechnological tools developed. It refers to a biological technique that helps to produce several copies of DNA outside of any living cell. DNA polymerase is the key enzyme that is present behind the whole process. The enzyme involved in the synthesis of new DNA … Read more Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP)

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP)

Introduction ABBREVIATION: Loop-mediated Isothermal AMPlification. Diseases are the primary constrains for the development of any living forms i.e., both plants and animals including humans. Diagnosis is a critical step for effective treatment and control of infectious diseases. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) has revolutionized the earlier detection of infection, tumor, etc., However, LAMP has several pros … Read more Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP)

Chemical Factor of Mutation

Chemical Factor of Mutation

Chemical Factor of Mutation What is a mutation? Any changes in the DNA gene sequence in such a way as to alter the genetic message carried by that gene sequence. What is mutagen? Any biological, physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA of an organism is called mutagen. What is mutagenesis? … Read more Chemical Factor of Mutation

Cell Transformation (normal cells to cancerous cells)

Cell Transformation (normal cells to cancerous cells)

Cell Transformation (normal cells to cancerous cells) Cell transformation is a process in which the addition of certain malignant characteristics in the cell due to alteration in genetic material. induced by chemicals, carcinogens, radiations, viruses. History In 1901 Hugo de Vries first used the term mutation to describe the sudden heritable phenotypic changes in evening … Read more Cell Transformation (normal cells to cancerous cells)

Microbial Genetics

Microbial Genetics

Microbial Genetics Genetics: is the science that studies the inheritance of biological characteristics by living things. This subject, also known as heredity, is a wide-ranging science that examines: The transmission of biological properties (traits) from parents to offspring. The expression and variation of those traits. The structure and function of the genetic material and How … Read more Microbial Genetics