Plague and its forms caused by Yersinia pestis

Plague and its forms caused by Yersinia pestis

What is the Plague? Plague, a term originally applied to any widespread disease which causes great mortality. The name is now confined to Bubonic Plague, an infectious disease of animals and humans caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. History In AD 541, the first great plague pandemic spread throughout the world from …

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Prenatal detection and screening of genetic disorder

Prenatal detection and screening of genetic disorder

Prenatal detection This is useful for the detection of a genetic disorder and congenital syndrome before the birth of the child. And helpful for a parent to prepare mentally and medically for the baby coming with disability. Techniques used in prenatal detection There are several techniques that can be used for the …

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COVID-19: A Wake-up call for Disease X Preparedness

COVID-19

COVID-19  The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12th March 2020. This was a few months after the disease was detected in Wuhan, Hubei province of China on December 8th, 2019. The COVID-19 …

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Dermatophytosis

Dermatophytosis

Dermatophytosis refers to a skin infection caused by fungi. It is commonly known as ringworm due to its appearance on the skin. The infection can affect humans and animals. Moreover, it can spread from animals or other affected humans. The major reason for the infection is poor hygiene conditions. Skin, hair, nails …

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List of disorders due to chromosomal aberration

Disorder due to chromosomal aberration

Image Source: Botany Studies. Chromosomal aberration definition Chromosomal aberration is a condition in which deletion or duplication of a particular chromosome in a set, lead to monosomy, nullisomy, trisomy, tetrasomy. Some disorders in human being due to chromosomal aberrations are as follows: Klinefelter syndrome (XXY) It is due to a trisomic condition …

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SARS-CoV-2- Infection, ACE-2 gene, herd immunity, vaccines

SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19

Image created using biorender.com Type of coronavirus strains There are seven strains of coronavirus Human Coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) Human Coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63, New Haven Corona Virus) Human Coronavirus OC43(HCoV-OC43) Human Coronavirus HKU1 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Related Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) previously known as novel coronavirus 2012 & HCoV-EMC Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, …

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Some common viral disease, symptom, prevention, treatment

Some common viral disease, symptom, prevention, treatment

Some common viral diseases, symptoms, prevention, treatment Image Source: iStockphoto 1- Smallpox Pathogen – Variola poxvirus. Mode of transmission – By air. Symptom – Small pinkish itchy spots appear on the body with fever. Prevention – Vaccination and proper sanitation. 2- Chickenpox Pathogen – Varicella zoster. Mode of transmission – Disease is …

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