Glycolysis 10 Steps with Diagram and ATP Formation

Glycolysis 10 Steps with Diagram and ATP Formation

Aerobic respiration refers to the concept of the breakdown of nutrients and the production of energy. Any organism, when consuming any nutritive material, the material goes through a series of biochemical reactions by which simple form of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids are produced. After that, these produced compounds are further degraded and …

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Biochemistry of Hepatitis A (Biochemical Tests)

Biochemistry of Hepatitis A

What is Hepatitis A Virus? Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a cause of acute liver inflammation or hepatitis. It can cause relapsing signs and symptoms but not a chronic infection. The virus is a 27-nm-diameter non-enveloped RNA virus. It belongs to the family Picornaviridae and the genus Hepatovirus. Viral transmission occurs in a …

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Experimental techniques in Chemistry

Experimental techniques in Chemistry

Analytical Chemistry  It is the science of chemical characterization. What are the major steps for qualitative analysis?  Obtaining a sample for analysis Separation of the desired constituent Measurement and calculation of results Drawing conclusion Image Source: Pexels. Filteration The process used to separate the insoluble particles from the liquid. It can be …

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Eicosanoids – definition, classes, functions, synthesis


Eicosanoids definition Eicosanoids are biologically active lipid derivatives of unsaturated fatty acids containing 20 carbons. Eicosanoids are locally acting bioactive hormones that act near the point of hormone synthesis and included in the class of paracrine hormones. disease. Eicosanoids are derived from arachidonic acid and related polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as …

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Biosynthesis of cholesterol and its regulation

Cholesterol levels in the body originate from its biosynthesis and diet. Most of the cholesterol used by active adults is produced in the liver, which produces ~70% of daily cholesterol demand (~1 gram). The other 30% originates from dietary absorption. Biosynthesis of cholesterol commonly happens in the endoplasmic reticulum of hepatic cells. …

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Gluconeogenesis- De novo synthesis of Glucose

Gluconeogenesis- De novo synthesis of Glucose

Gluconeogenesis definition Gluconeogenesis is the synthesis of glucose from non-carbohydrate precursors. Gluconeogenesis is a universal pathway found in all animals, plants, fungi, and microorganisms. Site of gluconeogenesis In higher animals, gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver and to a lesser extent in the kidney cortex. Eventually, under normal circumstances, the liver is responsible …

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Amino acids and Proteins

Amino acids and Proteins

Amino acids Proteins are the structural scaffolds of our bodies. At the molecular level whatever function is going on, it is being assisted or done by a protein. Proteins have a wide array of structures and functions, but all proteins are similar when it comes to their building blocks. These are the …

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