Biofertilizer- Types and Uses

Biofertilizer- Types and Uses

Biofertilizer- Types and Uses Biofertilizer is a substance which contains living microorganisms which, when applied to seeds, plant surfaces, or soil and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host plant. Biofertilizers add nutrients through the natural processes of nitrogen fixation, solubilizing phosphorus, and stimulating plant … Read more

Plant diseases caused by Virus, Bacteria, Mycoplasma, Fungi

Plant diseases caused by Virus, Bacteria, Mycoplasma, Fungi

Although some microbes are beneficial for human welfare, some of them are used for the production of bio-fertilizer, some are useful for industries, yet there are several microorganisms, which are the cause of plant disease. Such as some viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, and fungi can cause several types of disease in … Read more

Crown Gall Disease

Crown Gall Disease

Crown Gall Disease It is caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, which is a common plant disease (bacterial). The disease mostly affects dicotyledon species such as woody & herbaceous plants. Can be identified by the appearance of tumors of various size & shape at lower stem & main roots of the plant. … Read more

Factors for the establishment of plant diseases

Factors for the establishment of plant diseases

These are the factors for the establishment of plant diseases. Pathogen properties. Properties of the host. Presence/absence of nutritional component. Properties of environment. Image Source: AspenCore, Inc A) Pathogen properties 1. Level of virulence: Pathogen’s ability to infect/damage the host or to infect a resistant gene. 2. Adaptability: The ability … Read more

Biopesticides – Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides - Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides Definition Biopesticides can be defined as pesticides that are derived from plants, animals, microbes, or any other biologically available source. Pests or insects are directly involved with crop loss. This problem was first encountered with chemical insecticides. But later on, several adverse effects of chemical insecticides were reported which … Read more

Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost definition Organic compost can be defined as a mixture of decayed organic matter which can be added to soil to enhance the growth of different plants. Composting is a process by which heterogeneous organic compounds can go through decomposition and the process occurs due to the presence of … Read more

Nitrogen related common terms with definitions

Nitrogen cycle, Nitrogen as inorganic and organic component

Nitrogen Cycle The nitrogen cycle is a process in which nitrogen converted into different forms, from the environment to soil, and then becomes part of living beings. N2 is a component of the food chain and found in organic and inorganic compounds and it changes to various forms to retain … Read more

Plant Breeding- Steps and Significance

Plant Breeding- Steps and Significance

Plant Breeding Plant breeding is the purposeful manipulation of plant species to create desirable plant types that adapt to human needs more efficiently. It is an essential pre-requisite in the field of plant biotechnology. Plant biotechnology is a set of techniques used to adapt plants for intentional usage and benefits. … Read more

Plant Transformation Methods

Plant Transformation Methods

Plant Transformation Methods Transformation is defined as the process in which the genetic material of an organism is altered by the integration of new genes into its genome. The transformation is done by using vectors such as plasmids. The importance to produce transgenic plants is to: Improve crop yields. Improvement … Read more

Rice bacterial blight and Citrus canker

Rice bacterial blight and Citrus canker

Rice bacterial blight and Citrus canker According to Julius Kuhn, plant disease is an abnormal change in physiological processes which disturbs the normal activity of plant organs. Significance Plant disease are important due to the economic loss they cause to the grower. The loss occurs in the field during storage … Read more

Plants defense mechanism- structural, histological, chemical

Plants defense mechanism

Plants defense mechanism Plants diseases or phytopathogens affects plants right from the planting stage up to the harvesting and storage of the produce. Consequently, the plants have evolved several different mechanisms by which they defend themselves. These defense mechanisms in plants are termed as “BASAL RESISTANCE”. This term referring to … Read more

Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR)

Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR)

Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) What is PGPR? Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria are the soil bacteria that colonize plant roots. They have the ability to: Reduce the insects and disease damage. Facilitate plant growth directly or indirectly. Decrease the global dependence on hazardous agricultural chemicals. Stimulate plant growth through mobilizing nutrients in … Read more

Rust- Plant Fungal Disease

Rust- Plant Fungal Disease

Rust- Plant Fungal Disease Plant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi. Pucciniales (previously also known as Uredinales). Spermagonia Aecia Uredinia Telia Basidia Rusts hosts Apple Pear Wheat Barley Rye Infection area Leaves Petioles Tender shoots Stem Fruits Rusts are named after the reddish rusty looking sori and the disease is usually noticed after rain. … Read more