Biopesticides – Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides - Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides Definition Biopesticides can be defined as pesticides that are derived from plants, animals, microbes, or any other biologically available source. Pests or insects are directly involved with crop loss. This problem was first encountered with chemical insecticides. But later on, several adverse effects of chemical insecticides were reported which makes it mandatory to search … Read more Biopesticides – Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Bacterial Foodborne Illness

Bacterial Foodborne Illness

Foodborne Illness definition Foodborne illness refers to the different diseases and infections caused by microorganisms in food items. This article is mainly focused on the Foodborne illness caused by bacteria. Another term related to foodborne illness is food poisoning. A closer look toward these terms can help to understand different types of illnesses related to … Read more Bacterial Foodborne Illness

Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Organic Compost definition Organic compost can be defined as a mixture of decayed organic matter which can be added to soil to enhance the growth of different plants. Composting is a process by which heterogeneous organic compounds can go through decomposition and the process occurs due to the presence of a moist ward aerobic environment … Read more Organic Compost and Vermicomposting

Mycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

Mycotoxins in Foods

Mycotoxins definition Microbial toxins are metabolites produced by a specific microorganism during its growth or life cycle. Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by several fungi that have a severe impact on human or animal health. The mycotoxins are not only responsible for causing disease but it can also lead to long term damage to humans … Read more Mycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 with comparison

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 The handling of pathogenic microorganisms is a highly challenging job due to the chances of contamination. Moreover, pathogens involve in causing the disease to a host. Bio-safety is a concept by which a person can take necessary precautions against infectious agents in a laboratory environment. Bio-safety level refers … Read more Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 with comparison

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)- Types and Pathways

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Definition The major histocompatibility complex can be defined as a tightly linked cluster of genes whose products play an important role in intercellular recognition and in discrimination between self and non-self. The term ‘histo’ stands for tissue and ‘compatibility’ refers to ‘getting along or agreeable’. On the other hand, the term … Read more Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)- Types and Pathways

Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning- Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage Image Sources: Wikipedia and Vector Stock In molecular biology, a vector refers to a DNA molecule that transfers genetic material into another cell and the genetic material gets to incorporate in the cell genome and expressed. The foreign DNA carried by the vector is called recombinant DNA. The … Read more Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) It is one of the most important biotechnological tools developed. It refers to a biological technique that helps to produce several copies of DNA outside of any living cell. DNA polymerase is the key enzyme that is present behind the whole process. The enzyme involved in the synthesis of new DNA … Read more Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Candidiasis- Opportunistic Mycoses

Candidiasis- Opportunistic Mycoses

Candidiasis- Opportunistic Mycoses Opportunistic mycoses refer to the infections caused by fungi in hosts with immune-compromised conditions. The fungi involved in the infection are called as opportunistic fungi. The reasons behind this incidence include the overuse of antibiotics, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressive drugs. Candidiasis is an infection of the skin, mucosa, and internal organs. The main … Read more Candidiasis- Opportunistic Mycoses

Virus Classification on the basis of morphology and replication

Virus Classification on the basis of morphology and replication

Virus Classification on the basis of morphology and replication Viruses are a specific group of microorganisms that can replicate only inside of a cell. These are extremely small organisms and visible only under an electron microscope. Viral infections can occur in all types of life forms including plants, animals and other microorganisms (bacteria, archaea). A … Read more Virus Classification on the basis of morphology and replication