Glycolysis 10 Steps with Diagram and ATP Formation

Glycolysis 10 Steps with Diagram and ATP Formation

Aerobic respiration refers to the concept of the breakdown of nutrients and the production of energy. Any organism, when consuming any nutritive material, the material goes through a series of biochemical reactions by which simple form of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids are produced. After that, these produced compounds are further degraded and …

Read moreGlycolysis 10 Steps with Diagram and ATP Formation

Dermatophytosis- Epidemiology, Clinical Types, Culture Characteristics

Dermatophytosis

Dermatophytosis refers to a skin infection caused by fungi. It is commonly known as ringworm due to its appearance on the skin. The infection can affect humans and animals. Moreover, it can spread from animals or other affected humans. The major reason for the infection is poor hygiene conditions. Skin, hair, nails …

Read moreDermatophytosis- Epidemiology, Clinical Types, Culture Characteristics

Biopesticides – Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides - Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Biopesticides Definition Biopesticides can be defined as pesticides that are derived from plants, animals, microbes, or any other biologically available source. Pests or insects are directly involved with crop loss. This problem was first encountered with chemical insecticides. But later on, several adverse effects of chemical insecticides were reported which makes it …

Read moreBiopesticides – Bacterial, Viral and Fungal

Bacterial Foodborne Illness

Bacterial Foodborne Illness

Foodborne Illness definition Foodborne illness refers to the different diseases and infections caused by microorganisms in food items. This article is mainly focused on the Foodborne illness caused by bacteria. Another term related to foodborne illness is food poisoning. A closer look toward these terms can help to understand different types of …

Read moreBacterial Foodborne Illness

Mycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

Mycotoxins in Foods

Mycotoxins definition Microbial toxins are metabolites produced by a specific microorganism during its growth or life cycle. Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by several fungi that have a severe impact on human or animal health. The mycotoxins are not only responsible for causing disease but it can also lead to long term …

Read moreMycotoxins- Related to Food Microbiology

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 with comparison

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4

Biosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 The handling of pathogenic microorganisms is a highly challenging job due to the chances of contamination. Moreover, pathogens involve in causing the disease to a host. Bio-safety is a concept by which a person can take necessary precautions against infectious agents in a laboratory environment. …

Read moreBiosafety Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 with comparison

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)- Types and Pathways

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Definition The major histocompatibility complex can be defined as a tightly linked cluster of genes whose products play an important role in intercellular recognition and in discrimination between self and non-self. The term ‘histo’ stands for tissue and ‘compatibility’ refers to ‘getting along or agreeable’. On the other …

Read moreMajor Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)- Types and Pathways

Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning- Plasmids and Bacteriophage

Vectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage Image Sources: Wikipedia and Vector Stock In molecular biology, a vector refers to a DNA molecule that transfers genetic material into another cell and the genetic material gets to incorporate in the cell genome and expressed. The foreign DNA carried by the vector is called …

Read moreVectors for gene cloning: Plasmids and Bacteriophage