Superbugs as Global Crisis

Superbugs as Global Crisis

Superbugs microbes that become resistant to the drugs that should destroy and kill them can be bacterial or fungal strains Image Source: Tincture and Business Insider Sources/ Factors of Resistance Natural selection Antibiotic resistance gene “flow” in nature Resistance genes in plasmids transferred from one bacteria to another Resistant microorganisms become predominant …

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Antimicrobial Drugs and Their Evolution of Resistance

Antimicrobial Drugs and Their Evolution of Resistance

Antimicrobial Drugs compounds that kill or control the growth of microorganisms in the host (in vivo) effective antimicrobial drugs exhibit selective toxicity they inhibit or kill the pathogens without adversely affecting the hosts antimicrobial drugs classified based on their molecular structure, mechanism of action and spectrum of antimicrobial activity major antimicrobial drug …

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Transmission of Plant Viruses

Transmission of Plant Viruses

Plant viruses are transmitted from plant to plant in several ways. The mode of transmission includes: Vegetative propagation Mechanically through sap Through seed, pollen, dodder By specific insects, mites, nematodes, and fungi Image Sources: Crop Nutrition Laboratory Services Ltd. and https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12470 Transmission by Vegetative Propagation Whenever plants are propagated vegetatively by budding …

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Bacteriophage- Structure, Classification, Application

Bacteriophage- Structure, Classification, Application

Bacteriophage- Structure, Classification, Application The virus that infects only bacterial cells (bacteria eater) Known as naturally abundant obligate intracellular parasites Niche- present where bacteria or archaea reside Diversity is more than the number of bacteria in nature Small size causes it to beyond the limits of light microscope resolution Smallest bacteriophage: 20 …

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Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7

Escherichia coli O157H7

What is Escherichia coli O157:H7? Escherichia coli O157:H7  is a serotype of enterohemorrhagic E. coli which is Shiga toxin-producing. It produces Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) and/or Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2) as the virulence factors that contribute to its pathogenicity by the formation of attachment and effacing (A/E) lesions on human intestinal epithelium. …

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